1 beisik rul
(basic rule)
기본규칙

1) Wvldbet[22] [wvldbet sog]
2) [v ← a/an] [dv ← the]
3) [J j ← I i] [Rr = Ll]
4) [s ← 's] [z ← s]
(possessive) (plural)
5) pvsnvl pronaun
(personal pronoun)
6) [bi] [bid] [bil]
(am/are/is) (was/were) (will be)
7) [heb] [hebd] [hebl]
(have/has) (had) (will have)
8) [b] [d] [l] [n] [ig] [bi pp]
(v) (ed) (will v) (have pp) (be ing) (be pp)
9) [na b] [na d] [na l]
(do/does not v) (did not v) (will not v)
10) [b S?] [d S?] [l S?]
(do/does S v?) (did S v?) (will S v?)
11) bvb tens
(verb tense)
12) ireculv bvb
(irregular verb)

trains_up.gif wvldbod


1) Wvldbet[22] : (one spelling = only one pronunciation)
(Worldbet) :
(월드벹) : (22자로 한철자당 정확한 한발음)

(worldbet) (pronunciation) (example)
Aa [a] [Jj = ai] arm   art   eye   hour
Bb [bi] be   big   begin   visit
Ss [si] see   simple   season
Dd [di] this   dinner   decide
I i [i] internet   evening   year
Ee [e] [Xx = eks] end   and   ever   exit
Zz [zi] zigzag   gym   jihad
Hh [he] help   hand   heyday
Cc [gi] give   gift   gear   gold
Kk [ke] kettle   catch   cancel
Ff [chi] chicken   chimney
Mm [em] meet   morning   moon
Nn [en] noon   name   next
Gg [ung] song   king   ring
Oo [o] oil   all   old   open
Pp [pi] picture   people   fill
Rr [ra] [Ll = ral] last   right   library
Tt [ti] tip   tea   teach
Vv [ʌ] a/an   under   again
Ww [wʌ] world   walk   water
Yy [yʌ] young   yes   you
Uu [u] Uganda   wood   wolf


Aa Bb Ss Dd I i Ee Zz
: [a] [bi] [si] [di] [i] [e] [zi]
(아) (비) (시) (디) (이) (에) (지)
Hh Cc Kk Ff Mm
: [he] [gi] [ke] [chi] [em]
(헤) (기) (케) (치) (엠)
Nn Gg Oo Pp Rr
: [en] [ung] [o] [pi] [ra]
(엔) (응) (오) (피) (라)
Tt Vv Ww Yy Uu
: [ti] [ʌ] [wʌ] [yʌ] [u]
(티) (어) (워) (여) (우)

[a] [bi] [si] [di] [i] [e] [zi]
: Aa Bb Cc Dd Ii Ee Zz
(아) (비) (시) (디) (이) (에) (지)
[he] [ci] [ke] [fi] [em]
: Hh Cc Kk Ff Mm
(헤) (기) (케) (치) (엠)
[en] [ug] [o] [pi] [ra]
: Nn Gg Oo Pp Rr
(엔) (응) (오) (피) (라)
[ti] [v] [wv] [yv] [u]
: Tt Vv Ww Yy Uu
(티) (어) (워) (여) (우)

trains_up.gif wvldbod


Aa
Aa [a] [아] : (only [a] pronunciation)
[Jj] [ai] [아이] : (Jj = a + i)
stvdi : Aa : [a]   Jj : [ai]
ai : (eye)
am : (arm)
at : (art)
auv : (hour)

J : (I)   j : (i)
js : (ice)
jdiv : (idea)
jkon : (icon)
jvn : (iron)
stvdi : Asia
Jsland : (Iceland)
Azerbjzan / Baku : (Azerbaijan / )
Aktik : (Arctic)
Amazon

Aprika : (Africa)
Arirag : (Arirang)
Armenia / Yereban : ( / Yerevan)
: [a]   [ai]
: ai / (nun)
: am / (pal)
: at / (yesul)
: auv / (sican)
: J / (나)
: j / (아이)
: (ice) / (vrm)
: jdiv / (segcak)
: (icon) / (ciho)
: jvn / (fvl)
: Asia
: (Iceland)
: Azerbjzan / Baku
: Aktik / (bukck)
: Amazon
: Aprika
: Arirag
: Armenia / Yereban

trains_up.gif wvldbod


Bb
Bb : (b ← b v)
[bi] [비] : (set [bi] pronunciation)
stvdi : Bb : [bi]
bi : (be)
bizit : (visit)
biznis : (business)
bicin : (begin)

biktori : (victory)
bel : (bell)
bred : (bread)
bvb : (verb)
bvd : (bird)
stvdi : Betnam / Hanoi : (Bietnam / )
Brazil / Brazilia : ( / Brasilia)
: [bi]
: bi / (ida)
: bizit / (bagmunhada)
: biznis / (savp)
: bicin / (sizakhada)
: biktori / (sgri)
: (bell) / (zog)
: bred / (pag)
: (verb) / (dogsa)
: bvd / (se)
: Betnam / Hanoi
: Brazil / Brazilia

trains_up.gif wvldbod


Ss
Ss : (s ← s c sh th)
[si] [시] : (set new pronunciation [si])
stvdi : si : [si]
si : (see)
sizn : (season)
simpl : (simple)
sink : (think)

sjkl : (cycle)
sip : (ship)
sentv : (center)
skul : (school)
svkl : (circle)
stvdi : Saus : (South)
Senecal / Dakar : (Senegal / )
Septembv : (September)
Setvdei : (Saturday)
Skotlend / Edinbvrv : (Scotland / Edinburgh)

Svzdei : (Thursday)
Svndei : (Sunday)
: [si]
: si / (boda)
: sizn / (cezvl)
: simpl / (dansunhan)
: sink / (segcak)
: sjkl / (sunhwan)
: (ship) / (be)
: sentv / (zugag)
: (school) / (hakcyo)
: svkl / (wvn)
: Saus / (nam)
: Senecal / Dakar
: Septembv / (9wvl)
: Setvdei / (toyoil)
: Skotlend / Edinbvrv
: Svzdei / (mokyoil)
: Svndei / (ilyoil)

trains_up.gif wvldbod


Dd
Dd : (d ← d th)
[di] [디] : (set [di] pronunciation)
stvdi : Dd : [di]
dis : (this)
disjd : (decide)
disk
dinv : (dinner)

dai : (die)
dalv : (dollar)
dei : (day)
drigk : (drink)
du : (do)

dv : (the)
dv end : (the end)
dv ev : (the air)
stvdi : Disembv : (December)
: [di]
: dis / (icvt)
: disjd / (cyvlzvghada)
: disk / (wvnban)
: dinv / (manfan)
: dai / (zukda)
: (dollar)
: dei / (nal)
: (drink) / (masida)
: du / (hada)
: dv / (cucvt)
: dv end / (kut)
: dv ev / (cogci)
: Disembv / (11wvl)

trains_up.gif wvldbod


I i
I i : (i ← i e)
[i] [이] : (only [i] pronunciation)
stvdi : I i : [i]
ibnig : (evening)
izi : (easy)
intvnet : (internet)
iv : (year)

ibent : (event)
iczempl : (example)
ixtrim : (extreme)
impotvnt : (important)
inkvm : (income)
stvdi : Ist : (East)
: [i]
: ibnig / (zvnyvk)
: izi / (swiun)
: intvnet / (zvgbomag)
: iv / (nyvn)
: ibent / (hegsa)
: (example) / (boci)
: ixtrim / (ckdanzvcin)
: (important) / (zugyohan)
: inkvm / (suip)
: Ist / (dog)

trains_up.gif wvldbod


Ee
Ee [e] [에] : (only [e] pronunciation)
[Xx] [eks] [엨스] : (Xx = e + ks)
stvdi : Ee : [e]   Xx : [eks]
ebv : (ever)
exit
en : (and)
end

ebridei : (everyday)
X rei : X ray
envzi : (energy)
eptv : (after)
evpot : (airport)
stvdi : Emmanuel
Entaktik : (Antarctic)
Epril : (April)
: [e]   [eks]
: ebv / (ilfici)
: exit / (fulcu)
: en / (crico)
: end / (kut)
: ebridei / (meil)
: (X ray) / (X svn)
: envzi / (zvgryvk)
: (after) / (hue)
: evpot / (coghag)
: Emmanuel
: Entaktik / (namck)
: Epril / (4wvl)
It bi dv end ob dv iv, en J sink J hebn v priti cud iv.
(It's the end of the year, I think I have had a pretty good year.)
이제 연말인데, 올헤 쾨 겐찬은 한헤같타요. / Isgyvn

trains_up.gif wvldbod


Zz
Zz : (z ← z g j)
[zi] [지] : set [zi] pronunciation
stvdi : Zz : [zi]
zihad : (jihad)
ziczec : (zigzag)
zim : (gym)
ziocrepi : (geography)

zenvrvl : (general)
zon : (zone)
zvzi : (judge)
zvmp : (jump)
zu : (zoo)
stvdi : Zimbabwe / Harare
Zenuvri : (January)
Zepen / Tokyo : (Japan / )
Zerusalem : (Jerusalem)
Zvmvni / Berlin : (Germany / )

Zun : (June)
Zulj : (July)
: [zi]
: zihad / (svgzvn)
: ziczec / (cubulhan)
: zim / (feyukcwan)
: ziocrepi / (ziri)
: zenvrvl / (ilbanui)
: (zone) / (ziyvk)
: zvzi / (pandanhada)
: (jump) / (twida)
: zu / (dogmulwvn)
: Zimbabwe / Harare
: Zenuvri / (tewvl)
: Zepen / Tokyo
: Zerusalem
: Zvmvni / Berlin
: Zun / (6wvl)
: Zulj / (7wvl)

trains_up.gif wvldbod


Hh
Hh [he] [헤] : (set new pronunciation [he])
stvdi : Hh : [he]
heidei : (heyday)
hend : (hand)
hepi : (happy)
help

hj : (high)
hau : (how)
hiv : (here)
hom : (home)
hu : (who)
stvdi : Hanbet
Hancl : (Hangul)
: [he]
: heidei / (zvnsvgci)
: hend / (son)
: (happy) / (hegbok)
: help / (dopda)
: hj / (nopn)
: (how) / (vtvke)
: hiv / (yvcie)
: (home) / (cazvg)
: hu / (nucu)
: Hanbet
: Hancl

trains_up.gif wvldbod


Cc
Cc : (c ← g)
[ci] [기] : (set new pronunciation [gi])
stvdi : Cc : [ci]
cib : (give)
cipt : (gift)
civ : (gear)
cold : (gold)

ceim : (game)
co : (go)
crin : (green)
cvl : (girl)
cud : (good)
stvdi : Cana / Akra : (Ghana / Accra)
Cucl : (Google)
: [ci]
: cib / (zuda)
: cipt / (svnmul)
: civ / (topnibaki)
: cold / (cm)
: ceim / (cyvgci)
: (go) / (cada)
: crin / (forok)
: (girl) / (sonyv)
: cud / (zoun)
: Cana / Akra
: Cucl

trains_up.gif wvldbod


Kk
Kk : (k ← k c q)
[ke] [케] : (set [ke] pronunciation)
stvdi : Kk : [ke]
keik : (cake)
kefi : (catch)
kensl : (cancel)
ketl : (kettle)

kil : (kill)
kesfvn : (question)
kol : (call)
kvm : (come)
kvlv : (color)
stvdi : Katar / Doha
Kenada / Otawa : (Canada / Ottawa) Kendi / Terius : (Candy / )
Kent / Meidston : ( / Maidstone)
Kenya / Nairobi
: [ke]
: keik / (yagcwaza)
: kefi / (zapda)
: kensl / (fwisohada)
: ketl / (zuzvnza)
: kil / (zucida)
: (question) / (zilmun)
: kol / (burda)
: (come) / (oda)
: kvlv / (sek)
: Katar / Doha
: Kenada / Otawa
: Kendi / Terius
: Kent / Meidston
: Kenya / Njrobi

trains_up.gif wvldbod


Ff
Ff : (f ← ch)
[fi] [치] : (set new pronunciation [chi])
stvdi : Ff : [fi]
fiz : (cheese)
fikin : (chicken)
fimni : (chimney)
fip : (cheap)

fam : (charm)
fans : (chance)
fenzi : (change)
fois : (choice)
fuz : (choose)
stvdi : Fjna / Beizig : (China / Beijing)
: [fi]
: fiz
: fikin / (dakcoci)
: fimni / (cultuk)
: fip / (capsan)
: fam / (mervk)
: (chance) / (cihwe)
: fenzi / (byvncyvg)
: (choice) / (svntek)
: fuz / (svntekhada)
: Fjna / Beizig

trains_up.gif wvldbod


Mm
Mm [em] [엠] : (set [em] pronunciation)
stvdi : Mm : [em]
mit : (meet)
mento : (mentor)
monig : (morning)
mun : (moon)

midl : (middle)
mirakl : (miracle)
moment
mvfi : (much)
mud : (mood)
stvdi : Mafi : (March)
Mei : (May)
Meta
Mondei : (Monday)
Mogcolia / Ulanbator : (Mongolia / )
: [em]
: mit / (mannada)
: mento / (zovnza)
: monig / (afim)
: mun / (dal)
: midl / (zugag)
: (miracle) / (cizvk)
: moment / (suncan)
: (much) / (manun)
: (mood) / (bunwici)
: Mafi / (3wvl)
: Mondei / (wvlyoil)
: Meta / (fowvl)
: Mei / (5wvl)
: Mogcolia / Ulanbator

trains_up.gif wvldbod


Nn
Nn [en] [엔] : (set [en] pronunciation)
stvdi : Nn : [en]
na : (not)
neim : (name)
next
nun : (noon)

njt : (night)
naun : (noun)
nebv : (never)
nyu : (new)
nyus : (news)
stvdi : Nebada : (Nevada)
Nobembv : (November)
Nos : (North)
na nani A bvlso B
(not) (not only A but also B)
아닌 A푼만아니라 B도
: [en]
: na / (anin)
: neim / (irm)
: next / (daumui)
: nun / (zvgo)
: njt / (bam)
: (noun) / (myvgsa)
: nebv / (zvnhyvanin)
: (new) / (seroun)
: nyus / (sosik)
: Nebada
: Nos / (buk)
: Nobembv / (tentewvl)

trains_up.gif wvldbod


Gg
Gg : (g ← ng)   (ig ← ing)   (og ← ong)
[ug] [응] : (only [ung] pronunciation)
stvdi : Gg : [ug]
sig : (sing)
sog : (song)
kig : (king)
rig : (ring)

cog : (gong)
monig : (morning)
rjtnig : (lightning)
vmog : (among)
wig : (wing)
: [ug]
: sig / (norehada)
: sog / (nore)
: kig / (wag)
: rig / (banzi)
: cog / (zig)
: (morning) / (afim)
: rjtnig / (bvnce)
: (among) / (caunde)
: wig / (nalce)

trains_up.gif wvldbod


Oo
Oo [o] [오] : (set [o] pronunciation)
stvdi : Oo : [o]
oil
ol : (all)
old
opn : (open)

opis : (office)
orizinvl : (original)
orient
olweiz : (always)
oun : (own)
stvdi : Oseania : (Oceania)
Ostreilia / Kenbvra : (Australia / Canberra)
Ocvst : (August)
Oktobv : (October)
: [o]
: oil / (cirm)
: ol / (modu)
: old / (oredwen)
: opn / (yvlda)
: opis / (samusil)
: (original) / (bonreui)
: orient / (dogyag)
: (always) / (vnzena)
: oun / (zasin)
: Oseania
: Ostreilia / Kenbvra
: Ocvst / (8wvl)
: Oktobv / (ten wvl)

trains_up.gif wvldbod


Pp
Pp : (p ← p f)
[pi] (피) : (set [pi] pronunciation)
stvdi : Pp : [pi]
pix : (fix)
pikfv : (picture)
pipl : (people)
pil : (fill)

pepv : (paper)
po : (four)
pri : (free)
pvpikt : (perfect)
pufv : (future)
stvdi : Pebruvri : (February)
Poland / Barsaba : ( / Warsaw)
Prjdei : (Friday)
: [pi]
: pix / (cozvgsikida)
: pikfv / (crim)
: pipl / (saramdl)
: pil / (feuda)
: pepv / (zogi)
: (four) / (4)
: pri / (zayuroun)
: (perfect) / (wanzvnhan)
: pufv / (mire)
: Pebruvri / (2wvl)
: Poland / Barsaba
: Prjdei / (cmyoil)

trains_up.gif wvldbod


Rr
Rr [ra] [라] : (set [ra] pronunciation)
Ll [ral] [랄] : (Ll = ra + l)
(ex : Berlin Colorado Jerusalem)
stvdi : Rr : [ra]   Ll : [ral]
rast : (last)
rjbrvri : (library)
rjt : (right)
raund : (round)

rjk : (like)
risn : (listen)
ritl : (little)
rezvnd : (legend)
rvn : (run)
: [ra]   [ral]
: rast / (mazimak)
: rjbrvri / (dosvcwan)
: rjt / (olbarn)
: raund / (dugcn)
: rjk / (zoahada)
: (listen) / (dutda)
: ritl / (yakcan)
: (legend) / (zvnsvl)
: rvn / (dalida)

trains_up.gif wvldbod


Tt
Tt [ti] [티] : (set [ti] pronunciation)
stvdi : Tt : [ti]
tifi : (teach)
timbv : (timber)
tip
tiv : (tear)

tjm : (time)
test
tok : (talk)
tvg : (tongue)
tuv : (tour)
stvdi : Tesla
Texas
Terius / Kendi : ( / Candy)
Tuzdei : (Tuesday)
: [ti]
: tifi / (carfida)
: (timber) / (mokze)
: tip / (kut)
: tiv / (nunmul)
: tjm / (sican)
: (test) / (sihvm)
: tok / (malhada)
: (tongue) / (hyv)
: tuv / (cwancwag)
: Tesla
: Texas
: Terius / Kendi
: Tuzdei / (hwayoil)

trains_up.gif wvldbod


Vv
Vv : (v ← a/an)
[v] [어] : (set new pronunciation [ʌ])
stvdi : Vv : [v]
v : (a/an)
vs : (earth)
vcein : (again)
vndv : (under)

vbaut : (about)
vdbjs : (advice)
vnist : (honest)
vli : (early)
vtend : (attend)

v auv : (an hour)
v epl : (an apple)
v ev : (an air)
stvdi : Vmerika / Wvsigtvn : (America / Washington)
vtvm : (autumn)
: [v]
: (a/an) / (hanaui)
: vs / (zicu)
: vcein / (dasi)
: vndv / (are)
: vbaut / (yak)
: (advice) / (zovn)
: vnist / (zvgzikhan)
: (early) / (ilfik)
: vtend / (famsvkhada)
: v auv / (han sican)
: (an apple) / (sacwa)
: v ev / (cogci)
: Vmerika / Wvsigtvn
: vtvm / (caul)

trains_up.gif wvldbod


Ww
Ww : (w = v + v)
[wv] [워] : (set new pronunciation [wʌ])
stvdi : Ww : [wv]
wv : (war)
wvk : (walk)
wvld : (world)
wvtv : (water)

wai : (why)
wat : (what)
wintv : (winter)
wen : (when)
wev : (where)
stvdi : West
Wenzdei : (Wednesday)
Wvldbet : (Worldbet)
Wvldnvmbv : (Worldnumber)
Wvldrisi : (Worldrish)
: [wv]
: wv / (zvnzeg)
: wvk / (cvtda)
: wvld / (sece)
: wvtv / (mul)
: wai / (we)
: (what) / (muvt)
: wintv / (cyvul)
: (when) / (vnze)
: wev / (vdie)
: West / (sv)
: Wenzdei / (suyoil)
: Wvldbet
: Wvldnvmbv / (secesu)
: Wvldrisi / (secev)

trains_up.gif wvldbod


Yy
Yy : (y ← y eu u)
[yv] [여] : (set new pronunciation [yʌ])
stvdi : Yy : [yv]
yes
yot : (yacht)
yvg : (young)
yu : (you)

yelo : (yellow)
yet
yus : (youth)
yuzvli : (usually)
yunik : (unique)
stvdi : Yukon
Yurvp : (Europe)
: [yv]
: yes / (ye)
: yot
: yvg / (zvlmn)
: yu / (nv)
: yelo / (norag)
: (yet) / (azik)
: yus / (fvgfun)
: (usually) / (botog)
: yunik / (doktkhan)
: Yukon
: Yurvp

trains_up.gif wvldbod


Uu
Uu : (u ← u oo)
[u] [우] : (set [u] pronunciation)
stvdi : Uu : [u]
ud : (wood)
umvn : (woman)
ul : (wool)
ulp : (wolf)

ud : (would)
und : (wound)
ultra
stvdi : Uzbekistan / Tasikent : ( / Tashkent)
Ucanda / Kampala : (Uganda / )
Ukraina / Kiu : (Ukraine / Kiev)
Uralia / Tema
: [u]
: ud / (namu)
: umvn / (yvsvg)
: ul / (yagtvl)
: ulp / (nkde)
: ud / (halcvsida)
: (wound) / (sagfv)
: ultra / (cwacyvkhan)
: Uzbekistan / Tasikent
: Ucanda / Kampala
: Ukraina / Kiu
: Uralia / Tema

trains_up.gif wvldbod


2) [v ← a/an]   [dv ← the]   : (only [ʌ] [dʌ])
Vv = [ʌ]   : (set new pronunciation [ʌ])
(v를 ʌ발음이 나게함)   (자음 모음 구별업시 v dv를 사용)

[v ← a/an]
v auv v epl v pev
(an hour) (an apple) (a pear)
한시간 사과1개 베1개
: v auv / (hansican)
: (an apple) / (sacwa)
: v pev / (be)
: (an office) / (samusil)
: v vmbrela / (usan)

[dv ← the]
in dv monig in dv eptvnun
(in the morning) (in the afternoon)
아침에 오후에
in dv ibnig dv end
(in the evening) (the end)
저녁에
: in dv monig / (afime)
: (in the afternoon) / (ohue)
: in dv ibnig / (zvnyce)
: (the end) / (kut)
: dv ev / (cogci)

trains_up.gif wvldbod


3) J j = [ai] [Rr = Ll]
I i = [ i ] (ex : Berlin)
J j 는 [ai], I i 는 [ i ] Rr은 받침에는 Ll사용

J j = [ai]   I i = [ i ]
J j jdiv jkon jvn rjt
(I ai) (idea) (icon) (iron) (right)
셍각 기호 올바른
: J j / (na)
: (idea) / (segcak)
: jkon / (ciho)
: (iron) / (fvl)
: rjt / (olbarn)

[Rr = Ll]
Berlin Zerusalem Kolorado ritl
(Berlin) (Jerusalem) (Colorado) (little)
베를린 제루살렘 콜로라도 약간
: Berlin
: (Jerusalem)
: Kolorado
: (little) / (yakcan)
: vmbrela / (usan)

trains_up.gif wvldbod


4) [s ← 's] [z ← s]
(possessive) (plural)
(소유격 : s) (복수형 : z)

[s ← 's]   [z ← s]
Toms penz tudeis topikz
(Tom's pens) (today's topics)
톰의 펜들 오늘의 주제
Diz bi .
(These are Tom's pens.)
이것들은 톰의 펜이다. / Seixpiv
(today's topics) / 오늘의 주제
rjps fenzig vdbjs
advice)
인셍을 바쿨 조언 / Sokrates
(today's dollars) / 오늘의 달러
Diz bi .
(These are children's books.)
이것들은 어린이 첵이다. / Diznirend

[z ← s]
beibiz sitiz deskz hausz
(babies) (cities) (desks) (houses)
아기들 도시들 첵상들 집들
: beibiz / (acidl)
: (cities) / (dosidl)
: deskz / (feksagdl)
: (houses) / (zipdl)
: tivz / (nunmul)

[men]   [umvn]
men menz umvn umvnz
(man) (men) (woman) (women)
: men / (namsvg)
: menz / (namsvgdl)
: umvn / (yvsvg)
: umvnz / (yvsvgdl)

trains_up.gif wvldbod


5) pvsnvl pronaun
(personal pronoun)
(인칭데명사)

svbzektib pozesib obzektib pozesib pronaun ripleksib pronaun
J mj mi mjs mjselp
(I) (my) (me) (mine) (myself)
나의 나를 나의것 나자신
yu yuv yum yuvs yuvselp
(you) (your) (you) (yours) (yourself)
너의 너를 너의것 너자신
hi his him his hiselp
(he) (his) (him) (his) (himself)
그의 그를 그의것 그자신
swi hv hvm hvs hvselp
(she) (her) (her) (hers) (herself)
그녀 그녀의 그녀를 그녀의것 그녀자신
it its it - itselp
(it) (its) (it) - (itself)
그것 그것의 그것을 - 그것자체
[J]   [mj]   [mi]   [mjs]   [mjselp]
[yu]   [yuv]   [yum]   [yuvs]   [yuvselp]
[hi]   [his]   [him]   [his]   [hiselp]
[swi]   [hv]   [hvm]   [hvs]   [hvselp]
[it]   [its]   [it]   [ - ]   [itselp]

svbzektib pozesib obzektib pozesib pronaun ripleksib pronaun
wi wis wim wis wiselpz
(we) (our) (us) (ours) (ourselves)
우리 우리의 우리를 우리것 우리자신
yu yuv yum yuvs yuvselpz
(you) (your) (you) (yours) (yourselves)
당신들 당신들의 당신들을 당신들것 당신들자신
dei dev dem devs devselpz
(they) (their) (them) (theirs) (themselves)
그들 그들의 그들을 그들의것 그들자신
[wi]   [wis]   [wim]   [wis]   [wiselpz]
[yu]   [yuv]   [yum]   [yuvs]   [yuvselpz]
[dei]   [dev]   [dem]   [devs]   [devselpz]

trains_up.gif wvldbod


6) [bi] [bid] [bil]
(am/are/is) (was/were) (will be)
(be present) (be past) (be future)

bi (be) b (present) d (past) l (future)
(present) : bi bid bil
: (am/are/is) (was/were) (will be)
(perfect) : bin bidn biln
: (have been) (had been) (will have been)
[bi]   [bid]   [bidn]   [bil]
[bin]   [bidn]   [biln]
(am/are/is)   (was/were)   (been)   (will be)
(have/has been)   (had been)   (will have been)

trains_up.gif wvldbod


7) [heb] [hebd] [hebl]
(have/has) (had) (will have)
(present) (past) (future)

heb (have) b (present) d (past) l (future)
(present) : heb hebd hebl
: (have/has) (had) (will have)
(perfect) : hebn hebdn hebln
: (have/has had) (had had) (will have had)
(continuous) : hebig hebdig heblig
: (am/are/is having) (was/were having) (will be having)
[heb]   [hebd]   [hebdn]   [hebl]
[hebn]   [hebdn]   [hebln]
[hebig]   [hebdig]   [heblig]
(have/has)   (had)   (had)   (will have)
(have/has had)   (had had)  (will have had)
(am/are/is having)   (was/were having)  (will be having)

trains_up.gif wvldbod


8) [b] [d] [l] [n] [ig] [bi pp]
(v s/es) (ed) (will v) (have pp) (be ing) (be pp)
(present) (past) (future) (perfect) (continuous) (passive)

(affirmative) b (present) d (past) l (future)
(present) : b d l
: (v s/es) (ed) (will v)
(perfect) : bn dn ln
: (have/has pp) (had pp) (will have pp)
(continuous) : big dig lig
: (am/are/is ing) (was/were ing) (will be ing)
(perfect continuous) : bnig dnig lnig
: (have/has been ing) (had been ing) (will have been ing)
(passive) : bi pp bid pp bil pp
: (am/are/is pp) (was/were pp) (will be pp)
(perfect passive) : bin pp bidn pp biln pp
: (have/has been pp) (had been pp) (will have been pp)
(continuous passive) : big pp bidig pp bilig pp
: (am/are/is being pp) (was/were being pp) (will be being pp)
(perfect continuous
passive)
: binig pp bidnig pp bilnig pp
: (have/has been being pp) (had been being pp) (will have been being pp)

trains_up.gif wvldbod


9) [na b] [na d] [na l]
(do/does not v) (did not v) (will not v)
(present) (past) (future)

(negative) b (present) d (past) l (future)
(present) : na b na d na l
: (do/does not v) (did not v) (will not v)
(perfect) : na bn na dn na ln
: (have/has not pp) (had not pp) (will not have pp)
(continuous) : na big na dig na lig
: (am/are/is not ing) (was/were not ing) (will not be ing)
(perfect continuous) : na bnig na dnig na lnig
: (have/has not been ing) (had not been ing) (will not have been ing)
(passive) : na bi pp na bid pp na bil pp
: (am/are/is not pp) (was/were not pp) (will not be pp)
(perfect passive) : na bin pp na bidn pp na biln pp
: (have/has not been pp) (had not been pp) (will not have been pp)

trains_up.gif wvldbod


10) [b S?] [d S?] [l S?]
(do/does S v?) (did S v?) (will S v?)
(present) (past) (future)

(interrogative) b (present) d (past) l (future)
(present) : b S? d S? l S?
: (do/does S v?) (did S v?) (will S v?)
(perfect) : bn S? dn S? ln S?
: (do/does S have pp?) (did S have pp?) (will S have pp?)
(continuous) : big S? dig S? lig S?
: (am/are/is S ing?) (was/were S ing?) (will S be ing?)
(perfect continuous) : bnig S? dnig S? lnig S?
: (have/has S been ing?) (had S been ing?) (will S have been ing?)
(passive) : bi S pp? bid S pp? bil S pp?
: (am/are/is S pp?) (was/were S pp?) (will S be pp?)

trains_up.gif wvldbod


11) bvb tens
(verb tense)
동사의 시제

teik (take) b (present) d (past) l (future)
(present) : teik tiekd teikl
: (take/takes) (took) (will take)
(continuous) : teikig teikdig teiklig
: (am/are/is taking) (was/were taking) (will be taking)
(passive) : bi teikdn bid teikdn bil teikdn
: (am/are/is taken) (was/were taken) (will be taken)
(take)   (took)   (taken)   (will take)
[teikn]   [teikdn]   [teikln]
[teikig]   [teikdig]   [teiklig]
[teiknig]   [teikdnig]   [teiklnig]
[bi teikdn]   [bid teikdn]   [bil teikdn]
[bin teikdn]   [bidn teikdn]   [biln teikdn]
[big teikdn]   [bidig teikdn]   [bilig teikdn]
[binig teikdn]   [bidnig teikdn]   [bilnig teikdn]

tifi (teach) b (present) d (past) l (future)
(present) : tifi tifid tifil
: (teach/teaches) (taught) (will teach)
(continuous) : tifiig tifidig tifilig
: (am/are/is teaching) (was/were teaching) (will be teaching)
(passive) : bi tifidn bid tifidn bil tifidn
: (am/are/is taught) (was/were taught) (will be taught)
(teach)   (taught)   (taught)   (will teach)
[tifig]   [tifidig]   [tifilig]
[bi tifidn]   [bid tifidn]   [bil tifidn]

trains_up.gif wvldbod


pocet(forget) b (present) d (past) l (future)
(present) : pocet pocetd pocetl
: (forget/forgets) (forgot) (will forget)
(perfect) : pocetn pocetdn pocetln
: have/has forgottn had forgottn will have forgottn
(continuous) : pocetig pocetdig pocetlig
: (am/are/is forgetting) (was/were forgetting) (will be forgetting)
(passive) : bi pocetdn bid pocetdn bil pocetdn
: (be forgotten) (was/were forgotten) (will be forgotten)
[pocet]   [pocetd]   [pocetdn]   [pocetl]
[pocetn]   [pocetdn]   [pocetln]
[pocetig]   [pocetdig]   [pocetlig]
[bi pocetdn]   [bid pocetdn]   [bil pocetdn]

trains_up.gif wvldbod


stvdi (study) b (present) d (past) l (future)
(present) : stvdi stvdid stvdil
: (study/studies) (studied) (will study)
(continuous) : stvdig stvdidig stvdilig
: (am/are/is studying) (was/were studying) (will be studying)
(passive) : bi stvdidn bid stvdidn bil stvdidn
: (am/are/is studied) (was/were studied) (will be studied)
[stvdi]   [stvdid]   [stvdidn]   [stvdil]
[stvdin]   [stvdidn]   [stvdiln]
[stvdig]   [stvdidig]   [stvdilig]
[stvdinig]   [stvdidnig]   [stvdilnig]
[bi stvdidn]   [bid stvdidn]   [bil stvdidn]
[bin stvdidn]   [bidn stvdidn]   [biln stvdidn]
[big stvdidn]   [bidig stvdidn]   [bilig stvdidn]
[binig stvdidn]   [bidnig stvdidn]   [bilnig stvdidn]

si (see) b (present) d (past) l (future)
(present) : si sid sil
: (see/sees) (saw) (will see)
(perfect) : sin sidn siln
: (have/has seen) (had seen) (will have seen)
(passive) : bi sidn bid sidn bil sidn
: (am/are/is seen) (was/were seen) (will be seen)
(see)   (saw)   (seen)   (will see)
[sin]   [sidn]   [siln]
[siig]   [sidig]   [silig]
[sinig]   [sidnig]   [silnig]
[bi sidn]   [bid sidn]   [bil sidn]
[bin sidn]   [bidn sidn]   [biln sidn]
[big sidn]   [bidig sidn]   [bilig sidn]
[binig sidn]   [bidnig sidn]   [bilnig sidn]

trains_up.gif wvldbod


nou(know) b (present) d (past) l (future)
(present) : nou noud noul
: (know/knows) (knew) (will know)
(perfect) : noun noudn nouln
: have/has known had known will have known
(passive) : bi noudn bid noudn bil noudn
: (am/are/is known) (was/were known) (will be known)
(know)   (knew)   (known)   (will know)
[noun]   [noudn]   [nouln]
[bi noudn]   [bid noudn]   [bil noudn]

trains_up.gif wvldbod


du (do) b (present) d (past) l (future)
(present) : du dud dul
: (do/does) (did) (will do)
(continuous) : duig dudig dulig
: (am/are/is doing) (was/were doing) (will be doing)
(passive) : bi dudn bid dudn bil dudn
: (am/are/is done) (was/were done) (will be done)
(do)   (did)   (done)   (will do)
[dun]   [dudn]   [duln]
[duig]   [dudig]   [dulig]
[dunig]   [dudnig]   [dulnig]
[bi dudn]   [bid dudn]   [bil dudn]
[bin dudn]   [bidn dudn]   [biln dudn]
[big dudn]   [bidig dudn]   [bilig dudn]
[binig dudn]   [bidnig dudn]   [bilnig dudn]

trains_up.gif wvldbod


meik (make) b (present) d (past) l (future)
(present) : meik meikd meikl
: (make/makes) (made) (will make)
(continuous) : meikig meikdig meiklig
: (am/are/is making) (was/were making) (will be making)
(passive) : bi meikdn bid meikdn bil meikdn
: (am/are/is made) (was/were made) (will be made)
(make)   (made)   (made)   (will make)
[meikn]   [meikdn]   [meikln]
[meikig]   [meikdig]   [meiklig]
[meiknig]   [meikdnig]   [meiklnig]
[bi meikdn]   [bid meikdn]   [bil meikdn]
[bin meikdn]   [bidn meikdn]   [biln meikdn]
[big meikdn]   [bidig meikdn]   [bilig meikdn]
[binig meikdn]   [bidnig meikdn]   [bilnig meikdn]

trains_up.gif wvldbod


bicin (begin) b (present) d (past) l (future)
(present) : bicin bicind bicinl
: (begin/begins) (began) (will begin)
(begin)   (began)   (begun)   (will begin)

trains_up.gif wvldbod


rait (write) b (present) d (past) l (future)
(present) : rait raitd raitl
: (write/writes) (wrote) (will wirte)
(continuous) : raitig raitdig raitlig
: (am/are/is writing) (was/were writing) (will be writing)
(passive) : bi raitdn bid raitdn bil raitdn
: (am/are/is written) (was/were written) (will be written)
(write)   (wrote)   (written)   (will write)
[raitig]   [raitdig]   [raitlig]
[bi raitdn]   [bid raitdn]   [bil raitdn]

rvb (love) b (present) d (past) l (future)
(present) : rvb rvbd rvbl
: (love/loves) (loved) (will love)
(continuous) : rvbig rvbdig rvblig
: (am/are/is loving) (was/were loving) (will be loving)
(passive) : bi rvbdn bid rvbdn bil rvbdn
: (am/are/is loved) (was/were loved) (will be loved)
(love)   (loved)   (loved)   (will love)
[rvbn]   [rvbdn]   [rvbln]
[rvbig]   [rvbdig]   [rvblig]
[rvbnig]   [rvbdnig]   [rvblnig]
[bi rvbdn]   [bid rvbdn]   [bil rvbdn]
[bin rvbdn]   [bidn rvbdn]   [biln rvbdn]
[big rvbdn]   [bidig rvbdn]   [bilig rvbdn]
[binig rvbdn]   [bidnig rvbdn]   [bilnig rvbdn]

rid (read) b (present) d (past) l (future)
(present) : rid ridd ridl
: (read/reads) (read) (will read)
(continuous) : ridig riddig ridlig
: (am/are/is reading) (was/were reading) (will be reading)
(perfect continuous) : ridnig riddnig ridlnig
: (have/has been reading) (had been reading) (will have been reading)
(read)   (read)   (read)   (will read)
[ridn]   [riddn]   [ridln]
[ridig]   [riddig]   [ridlig]
[ridnig]   [riddnig]   [ridlnig]

trains_up.gif wvldbod


12) ireculv bvb
(irregular verb)
불규칙 동사표

[Tt] b (present) d (past) n (pp) l (future)
받다
잡다
: teik teikd teikdn teikl
: (take) (took) (taken) (will take)
가르치다 : tifi tifid tifidn tifil
: (teach) (taught) (taught) (will teach)

[Pp] b (present) d (past) n (pp) l (future)
잊다 : pocet pocetd pocetdn pocetl
: (forget) (forgot) (forgotten) (will forget)

[Ss] b (present) d (past) n (pp) l (future)
공부하다 : stvdi stvdid stvdidn stvdil
: (study) (studied) (studied) (will study)
보다 : si sid sidn sil
: (see) (saw) (seen) (will see)

[Hh] b (present) d (past) n (pp) l (future)
가지다
먹다
: heb hebd hebdn hebl
: (have) (had) (had) (will have)

[Nn] b (present) d (past) n (pp) l (future)
알다 : nou noud noudn noul
: (know) (knew) (known) (will know)

[Dd] b (present) d (past) n (pp) l (future)
하다
헹하다
: du dud dudn dul
: (do) (did) (done) (will do)

[Mm] b (present) d (past) n (pp) l (future)
만들다 : meik meikd meikdn meikl
: (make) (made) (made) (will make)

[Bb] b (present) d (past) n (pp) l (future)
이다
잇다
: bi bid bidn bil
: (be) (was/were) (been) (will be)
시작하다 : bicin bicind bicindn bicinl
: (begin) (began) (begun) (will begin)

[Rr] b (present) d (past) n (pp) l (future)
스다 : rait raitd raitdn raitl
: (write) (wrote) (written) (will write)
사랑하다 : rvb rvbd rvbdn rvbl
: (love) (loved) (loved) (will love)
익다 : rid ridd riddn ridl
: (read) (read) (read) (will read)

trains_up.gif wvldbod